World International Space Station Team
United States. NASA is the initiator, integrator and leader of the international ISS effort. Its ISS hardware includes the truss structures that provide the station's framework, four pairs of large solar arrays, three nodes with ports for spacecraft and for passage to other ISS elements, and an airlock that accommodates U.S. and Russian space suits.
NASA also is providing US Laboratory, Habitation and Centrifuge Accommodation modules. It funded construction of Russia's Control Module Zarya.
Integrated services provided by the Agency will include power, communications and data services, thermal control, environmental control and life support, and crew health maintenance. NASA gyros will be at the heart of ISS position ("attitude") control.
Canada. The Quebec-based Canadian Space Agency provided the Mobil Servicing System, a 55-ft., 125-ton capacity robotic arm called the "Space Station Remote Manipulator System," as well as a 12-ft. "Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator" arm.
The Mobil Servicing System aids in ISS assembly and Maintenance. The System launched in June, 2002.
Canada also supplied the Space Vision System, a Space Shuttle-tested advanced camera that assists Astronauts in viewing the Space Station Remote Manipulator System.
European Space Agency
Belgium :: Denmark :: France :: Germany :: Italy :: the Netherlands Norway :: Spain :: Sweden :: Switzerland :: the United Kingdom
The European Space Agency is providing the Columbus Orbital Facility, the Automated Transfer Vehicle. It also is providing the European Robotic Arm for Russia's Science and Power Platform, and the Data Management System for the Service Module.
The Columbus Orbital Facility will carry 10 refrigerator-size "racks" for holding experiments, half of them European research projects. The Automated Transfer Vehicle will be used for logistics and propellant resupply, as well as for reboost of the ISS. It will be launched on a future mission.
Japan. The National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA) is providing the Japanese Experiment Module (JEM). It houses the pressurized module of KIBO, Exposed Facility, a Remote Manipulator System, and an Experiment Logistic Module.
"KIBO" Japanese experiment module mainly consists of two parts; Internal Lab, and External Platform of Experiment. The former has ten racks, of which length is 11.2m and its diameter is 4.4m long, and will be used for bio-and material-experiment utilizing the micro-gravity environment. The latter would be used for experiments in the Space environment as it is.
The 32 ft.- long Remote Manipulator System is used for servicing the Exposed Facility system and changing payloads. And the Experiment Logistic Module will be used for pressurized and unpressurized logistics re-supply missions.
Russia. The Russian Space Agency (RSA) is supplying about 1/3 the mass of the ISS in the form of a Service Module, Universal Docking Module, Science Power Platform, Docking Compartment and Research Modules.
Russia's Service Module provided early living quarters for ISS crews, while its Universal Docking Module provides docking for both Russian and U.S. space vehicles. The Russian Space Agency provided logistics re-supply and station re-boosting with its Progress and other vehicles, as well as crew tranfers on the Soyuz.
Russia provided the first ISS element to be launched into orbit, Control Module Zarya. Its construction was funded by NASA.
Italy. In addition to Italian participation in the European Space Agency's efforts, the Italian Space Agency (ASI) independently is providing three Multi-Purpose Logistics Modules. They will be used on the Space Shuttle to carry pressurized cargo and payloads to the ISS. The structural design of the Modules forms the basis for the design of the European Space Agency's Columbus Orbital Facility. The agency also will supply Nodes 2 and 3 to NASA.
Brazil. Under the direction of the Brazilian Space Agency, the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE) in San Jose dos Campos is providing six items that in essence constitute attachments devices and a pallet on which experiments and equipment will ride in Space Shuttle missions to the ISS.
Brazil's "Technology Experiment Facility" will provide long-term space exposure for selected experiments, while "Window Observation Research Facility 2" will be devoted to observation and remote sensing development.