B-50 Bomber

B-50 bomberThe four-engine, propeller-powered Boeing B-50 bomber was among the last piston-powered bombers built during an era that was to be dominated by jets, particularly the B-47 and the B-52. In 1949, the B-50A, the Lucky Lady II made the first nonstop flight around the world in 94 hours, refueled in flight four times by KB-29Ms.

The B-50 evolved from the B-29D, but because it included so many improvements, it was redesignated the B-50A, with 59 percent more power than the B-29. Other improvements were more aerodynamic nacelles, larger flaps, fast-retracting ball-screw landing gear, hydraulic rudder boost, hydraulic nosewheel steering and heated-wing deicing. It also had a higher vertical tail that folded when the bomber rolled into standard-height hangars. The B-50's wing, made from the new 75ST aluminum alloy, was 16 percent stronger and 600 pounds lighter than the otherwise identical B-29 wing.

Sixty B-50As were ordered by the U.S. Army Air Forces before the end of World War II, and delivery began in 1947. In all 79 B-50As were built. The next version, the B-50B, was heavier, with a gross weight of 170,000 pounds. Fitted with cameras and wing tanks, it was designated of RB-50B and used for strategic reconnaissance. The B-50D was distinguished by a one-piece transparent-plastic nose molding and an optically flat bombardier's window in the lower portion. Some B-50s were later converted to hose-type KB-50 aerial tankers, their speed enhanced by the addition of two 5,200-pound-thrust jet engines, so at 400 mph, they could refuel jet aircraft. One KB-50D became a drone to test Bell XGAM missiles, and 36 became long-range reconnaissance aircraft (WB-50D).

Boeing built 371 B-50s between 1947 and 1953. Some served until 1965 and were in action during the Vietnam conflict as refueling tankers.

Specifications
First flight: June 25, 1947
Model number: 345-2-1
Classification: Bomber
Span: 141 feet 3 inches
Length: 99 feet
Gross weight: 168,708 pounds
Top speed: 385 mph
Cruising speed: 235 mph
Range: 4,650 miles
Ceiling: 37,000 feet
Power: Four 3,500-horsepower P&W R-4360-35 engines
Accommodation: 12 crew
Armament: 12 .50-caliber machine guns, 1 20 mm cannon, 20,000-pound bomb load