Condor Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

Condor UAV during flight test over the desertThe Condor was a revolutionary aircraft built entirely of all-bonded composite materials, designed for remote-controlled, high-altitude, long-endurance missions. During its 141-hour flight-test program during 1988 and 1989, it set several records for piston-powered aircraft by reaching a top altitude of 67,028 feet and staying aloft for nearly two and one-half days.

Boeing developed two vehicles as technology demonstrators. The airplane successfully merged the latest advances of the time in aerodynamics, propulsion, materials and remote controls.

It could provide rapid response and continuous, unmanned, wide-area coverage for days. Unlike other remotely piloted air vehicles of its era, the entire flight from takeoff through landing could be preprogrammed. Once the Condor was airborne, its flight path could also be modified via communications links with ground controllers.

According to its engineers, it did not achieve its full potential during testing. They claimed it could have flown more than 23,000 miles, remained airborne for longer than a week and reached an altitude of 73,000 feet.

Originally, Condor was intended for both military and commercial purposes. However, it could not find a customer. Because of its large size, slow speed and lack of stealth, it was too vulnerable to be used for military operations. It had tremendous civilian potential for weather monitoring and atmospheric research, but at the time the expense of such a vehicle was beyond the budgets of most civilian agencies.

In the long run, Condor laid the groundwork for more successful follow-on unmanned aerial vehicles.

First flight: Oct. 9, 1988
Classification: Liaison-observation unmanned aerial vehicle
Wingspan: 200 feet
Length: 66 feet
Gross weight: 20,300 pounds
Cruising speed at altitude: 230 mph
Ceiling: 67,028 feet during testing
Power: Two 175-hp liquid-cooled, fuel-injected, 6-cylinder piston engines