The Boeing Logbook: 1920 - 1926
1920 Jan. 7: The Boeing BB-1 seaplane, another new commercial aircraft, makes its first flight. It is bought by a Canadian and becomes the company's second international sale.
May 24: The Boeing BB-L6 makes its first flight. Built for Herb Munter's aerial tours, it is the first airplane to fly over Mount Rainier.
June 15: The Boeing Airplane Co. starts building 20 Army-designed Ground Attack Experimental armored planes (GA-X, Model 10). A week later, the contract is reduced to 10 airplanes.
July 22: Donald W. Douglas and David R. Davis form the Davis Douglas Co. near Santa Monica, Calif.
Dec. 20: The Boeing Airplane Co. sells ten square-bowed speedboats ("sea sleds") with inverted hulls, originally designed for the Navy, after advertising them in Seattle newspapers. Rumors say some of the buyers are Prohibition-era liquor smugglers.
1921 Feb. 24: The first wholly Douglas-designed, Douglas-built aircraft, The Cloudster, makes its first flight. It is the first airplane to lift a useful load exceeding its own weight.
April 14: Davis Douglas Co. is awarded its first military contract for the Navy DT-1 torpedo bomber, based on the Cloudster design.
June: James S. McDonnell graduates from Princeton University with an honors degree in physics.
June 10: The Boeing Airplane Co. lands a contract to build 200 Thomas Morse MB-3A pursuit fighters that puts the company business back on track. The government will pay $7,240 per fighter.
July: Donald W. Douglas incorporates The Douglas Co.
November: The Douglas DT-1 makes its first flight.
December: The Boeing Airplane Co. armored Army ground-attack biplane (GA-2) makes its first flight from McCook Field in Dayton, Ohio (later known as Wright-Patterson Air Force Base), and two planes are ordered.
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1922 Jan. 3: Boeing Airplane Co. General Manager Edgar N. Gott stands on the back of a flatbed truck and tells assembled workers they will each receive a $500 insurance policy as a New Year's gift. This is the first known non-wage benefit at Boeing.
April: The Douglas Co. is awarded its first production contract for DT-2s for the Navy.
May 3: William E. Boeing becomes Boeing Airplane Co. chairman of the board; Edgar N. Gott , president; Philip G. Johnson, vice president and general manager; and Claire L. Egtvedt, secretary.
Oct. 14: The Boeing-built MB-3A (No. 54) flown by Lt. D.F. Stace wins the Pulitzer Trophy Race at Selfridge Field, Mich., flying 147.8 miles per hour over a 200-mile course.
Oct. 25: The Douglas Co. begins its association with the Army Air Service when it receives a memo requesting information on a modified version of the DT-2.
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1923 February: The Boeing-developed arc-welding process is used for the first time to equip three remodeled de Havillands (DH-4s) with steel tube fuselages.
June 2: Boeing pilot Frank Tyndall takes the Model 15, prototype of the first company-designed fighter, on its first successful test flight from Camp Lewis, Wash. The Army buys the Model 15 on Sept. 29 and gives it the military designation PW-9 ("pursuit, water-cooled").
July 5: Douglas submits to the Army specifications for Douglas World Cruiser (DWC).
August: James S. McDonnell is commissioned a reserve second lieutenant in the Army Air Service and begins flight training at Brooks Field, Texas.
Oct. 20: The Boeing NB-1, a two-seat seaplane trainer, makes its first flight. It is the first in its series, developed for the Navy from the Model 15. The Army and Navy eventually buy more than 157 derivatives of the Model 15.
Nov. 27: The Douglas Co. is awarded a $192,684 contract by the War Department to build four DWC aircraft and spares. The same year John K. Northrop joins The Douglas Co. He leaves in 1927.
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1924 March 17: The four Douglas World Cruisers built for the U.S. Army Air Service leave Santa Monica on the first leg of their flight around the world.
Sept. 19: The Boeing PW-9 fighter enters production. Deliveries will begin in October 1925.
Sept. 28: Douglas World Cruisers Chicago and New Orleans complete round-the-world trip.
Fall: The Douglas O-2 wins the Army Air Service observation aircraft competition at McCook Field.
Dec. 5: Boeing delivers the first of 41 NB-1s to the Navy.
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1925 James "Dutch" Kindelberger quits his position as chief draftsman at the Glenn L. Martin Co. and joins Douglas Aircraft as chief engineer.
February: James S. McDonnell earns a Master of Science degree in aeronautical engineering from Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Feb. 16: The Douglas Co. is awarded its largest contract to date for 75 observation aircraft by the War Department.
May 2: The Douglas C-1 military transport, based on the DWC, makes its first flight. It is the first military aircraft given the "C" designation for cargo transport.
July 6: First Douglas mail plane, the M-1, starts manufacturer's flight trials.
July 7: The Boeing Model 40 mail plane makes its first flight, testing the wood used to construct its fuselage. It will evolve into the Model 40A.
Dec. 1: The Boeing Airplane Co. delivers the first of 10 FB-1s to the Navy. This one-seat land biplane is the Navy version of the Army PW-9 fighter. The last will be delivered Dec. 22.
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1926 Feb. 13: William E. Boeing is re-elected chairman of the board and 26-year-old Philip G. Johnson is made Boeing Airplane Co. president, replacing Edgar E. Gott.
April 17: A Douglas M-2 serving with Western Air Express begins mail operations on Salt Lake City, Utah, to Los Angeles, Calif., route.
May 23: Aboard a Douglas M-2, Western Air Express' first two passengers, for a $90 fare, fly between Salt Lake City and Los Angeles.
Aug. 18: The Boeing Airplane Co. receives an order from the Army for 25 PW-9C fighters, a version of the PW-9 with a heavier fuselage and a different arrangement of flying and landing wires.
Oct. 7: The Boeing FB-5 (production version) makes its first flight. The 27 FB-5 carrier-fighters the Navy ordered are finished at one time, upended onto their noses and rolled onto barges and transported to the waiting carrier, the USS Langley.
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