The Boeing Logbook: 1933 - 1938
1933 North American Aviation buys General Aviation Manufacturing Corp. NAA reorganizes, disposes of interests in TWA, Douglas Aircraft and Western Air Express, and becomes an aircraft manufacturing company.
Jan. 11: Boeing begins production of 111 P-26A monoplane fighters for the Army Air Corps at a contract price of $9,000 each. The order will be increased to 136, and the last two models will have fuel-injected engines.
Feb. 1: The last Boeing biplane designed and built in Seattle, the Model 236 (XF6B-1), based on the F4B/P-12 series, makes its first flight.
March: James S. McDonnell joins the Glenn L. Martin Co., Baltimore, Md., as chief project engineer for land planes.
July 1: The first Douglas airliner, the DC-1, makes its first flight.
Aug. 2: The Boeing Airplane Co. names Claire L. Egtvedt as president and general manager of the company. Philip G. Johnson becomes president of the United Aircraft and Transport Corp.
1934 January: William E. Boeing purchases a Douglas Dolphin luxury amphibian and names it "Rover."
Feb. 9: President Philip Johnson of the Boeing conglomerate, United Aircraft and Transport Corp., resigns so the company can bid for the contract to carry airmail.
Feb. 9: Douglas O-35s and B-7s are flown by the Army Air Corps after President Roosevelt cancels commercial airmail contracts.
Feb. 14: Howard R. Hughes launches the Hughes Tool Co. aircraft division, which evolves into Hughes Helicopters Inc.
Feb. 19: The Douglas DC-1 makes record coast-to-coast flight, Los Angeles to Newark, N.J., in 13 hours, 4 minutes.
April: Boeing engineers start to develop the XB-15. after the U.S. Army Air Corps asks for a design for a very heavy, long-range experimental bomber.
May 11: The Douglas DC-2, a larger version of the DC-1, makes its first flight.
July 6: James H. "Dutch" Kindelberger accepts the post of president and general manager of General Aviation Manufacturing Corp.
Sept. 18: William E. Boeing resigns as board chairman.
Sept. 28: New Boeing Airplane Co. president is Claire L. Egtvedt, after government regulations require that United Aircraft and Transport Corp. divide into three separate companies: United Aircraft Co., Boeing Airplane Co. and United Air Lines. United Air Lines takes over the Boeing School of Aeronautics.
Dec. 18: Boeing Airplane Co. subsidiary Stearman Aircraft, located in Wichita, Kan., delivers its first Kaydet to the military. It will become the most common preliminary trainer in service, and 10,346 Kaydets will be built during World War II.
Back to Top
1935 Jan. 1: North American changes from a holding company to an active aircraft manufacturing corporation with J.H. Kindelberger as president and J.L. "Lee" Atwood as vice president and chief engineer; North American moves from Dundalk, Md., to Inglewood, Calif.
April 15: The Douglas TBD Devastator makes its first flight. It is the Navy's first all-metal monoplane.
April 22: The North American Aviation NA-16 basic trainer is flown to Wright Field in Dayton, Ohio, for a demonstration flight to the Army Air Corps.
April 30: The Douglas DC-1 breaks its own transcontinental record, flying from Burbank, Calif., to New York in 11 hours 5 minutes.
July 28: The Boeing Model 299 (XB-17), prototype of the B-17, makes its first flight at Boeing Field in Seattle. Newspaper reporters nickname it "The Flying Fortress."
August: The Douglas prototype of B-18 bomber, based on the successful DC-2 transport, is delivered to the Army at Wright Field.
Aug. 20: Boeing test pilot Les Tower flies the Model 299 nonstop from Seattle to Dayton and establishes an unofficial record of flying 2,100 miles at an average speed of 232 miles per hour. After landing, he credits the newly designed automatic pilot with flying the bomber "most of the way."
Sept. 13: The Hughes H-1 Racer sets a world land speed record at 352 mph.
October: The Douglas O-46A, the last in a series of observation planes, makes its first flight.
Oct. 30: The Boeing Model 299, with a military pilot at the helm, crashes at Wright Field in Dayton. Les Tower, an observer on the flight, dies from burns, and the $432,034 airplane is destroyed.
December: The Douglas A-17/8A Nomad attack bomber, designed by Northrop's El Segundo team, makes its first flight.
Dec. 17: The Douglas Sleeper Transport (DST) makes its first flight. This aircraft is the immediate forerunner of the famous DC-3.
Back to Top
1936 Jan. 14: Howard Hughes in his H-1 Racer sets a transcontinental speed record of 9 hours 27 minutes.
Jan. 17: Despite the crash of the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress prototype, because it did so well in earlier tests, the Army orders 13 YB-17s.
March 8: The Boeing Airplane Co. buys 28 acres on Marginal Way in Seattle, between Boeing Field and the Duwamish Waterway, and builds a $250,000 facility at the site.
April 15: The first production North American NA-16, designated the BT-9, makes its first flight.
June 26: The Boeing Airplane Co. signs its first working agreement with the International Association of Machinists Local 751. The IAM had been chartered Sept. 23, 1935, with 35 members.
July 1: Donald Douglas is presented the Collier Trophy by President Roosevelt for the design and development of the DC-1 and DC-2 commercial transports.
July 21: The Boeing Airplane Co. signs a contract with Pan American Airways to build six Model 314 Clippers.
Sept. 1: The Boeing Airplane Co. Field Service Unit formally begins operating, and in 1941 the first overseas field representatives will be assigned to the B-17s in England.
Sept. 18: The Douglas DST serving with American Airlines begins transcontinental service between Newark, N.J., and Glendale, Calif. The plane cuts the travel time, from east to west, by almost one third over other aircraft.
Dec. 22: North American's NA-21 Dragon makes its first flight.
Back to Top
1937 January: North American's first XO-47 three-place observation plane enters an Army design competition. The Army orders 164.
Jan. 19: Howard Hughes betters his own transcontinental speed record in the H-1 Racer by flying the distance in 7 hours 28 minutes.
Feb. 23: Douglas delivers its first production B-18 Bolo bomber.
Oct. 15: Boeing test pilot Eddie Allen takes the mammoth Model 294 (XB-15) on its first flight. It has a 149-foot wingspan and accommodations for two complete crews.
Sept. 1: Douglas Aircraft Co. acquires the remaining 49 percent of the shares of its Northrop Corp. subsidiary and begins operating the facility in August 1938 as the Douglas El Segundo (Calif.) Division.
Dec. 2: The Boeing XB-15 is delivered to the Army. It will set several records, including a climb to 8,200 feet with a 31,205-pound load. In 1939 it will carry relief supplies to victims of an earthquake in Chile.
Back to Top
1938 May 31: The first Boeing Clipper (Model 314) is barged down the Duwamish River in Seattle for its first flight June 7, piloted by Eddie Allen.
June 7: The single Douglas DC-4E prototype makes its first flight.
June 9: The North American "Harvard," based on the original trainers, is sold to the British Government for aerial reconnaissance and training.
Sept. 28: North American's NA-49 trainer first flies, but delivery of these Advanced Trainers, later known as AT-6 "Texans," will not start until 1940.
Dec. 31: Test pilot Eddie Allen takes the Model 307 Stratoliner, the first American pressurized commercial transport, on its first flight.
Back to Top

Previous Chronology | Next Chronology