SPECIFIC AIRPLANE REQUIREMENTS
Space for parking, gate
usage, ground operations, and runways is best measured against the
needs of the specific airplanes being accommodated rather than the
general FAA or ICAO guidelines mentioned above. It is at this point
in the planning process that airplane manufacturers work most closely
with airport planners and the airlines.
For example, Boeing produces
airport-planning manuals, titled Airplane Characteristics for
Airport Planning, for all Boeing- and Douglas-designed commercial
airplanes (table 1). These manuals
describe specific airplane characteristics, such as dimensions,
performance, ground maneuvering, terminal servicing, jet-engine
wake and noise, and pavement requirements.
In 1968, a standard format
for airplane-specific information was developed through the ICCAIA.
Called National Aerospace Standard (NAS) 3601, it includes sections
on basic airplane field-length requirements, performance, typical
interiors, pavement requirements, and jet blast attributes. NAS
3601 documents, such as the Boeing Airplane Characteristics for
Airport Planning manuals, now are a basic requirement for any
transport-category airplane having maximum takeoff weights of 35,000
lb (15,875 kg) or more.