See AIP Argentina ENR 1.5.1 for details.
1.1 The design and construction of the holding procedures of
approach and exit are based on established on the Document 8168
- OPS/611 (PANS OPS) of the OACI.
1.2 The holding procedures and approach, have been based on the
values and factors contained in Part II of the PANS-OPS.
1.3 The present procedures are complementary of the pertinent
norms that publish in the Argentine Regulations of Aviación
Civil (RAAC), Part 91.
12,3 Procedures for the takeoff and the ascent.
The operations will be realised using tracks and trajectories
of ascent that as far as possible do not affect populated areas
or sensible areas to the noise. If the previous thing is not possible,
it will be fulfilled the following procedure: a) Subsequent to
the takeoff, to ascend up to 1 000 ft (with respect to the elevation
of the aerodrome) maintaining; - power/takeoff thrust; - flaps
for takeoff; and speed of equal ascent to V2 + 10 to 20 KT.
b) To 1000 ft;
- maintaining positive a rate of climb, to accelerate until the
minimum speed of maneuver without flaps (VZF) at the same time
as the same fall back;
- next to reduce the push in accordance with the following thing;
- for airships with motors of high relation of diminution of noise,
to reduce to the power/push of ascent to “normal”;
- for airships with motors of low relation of diminution of noise,
to reduce the power/underneath pushes del that corresponds to
the one of ascent to normal, but smaller to the necessary one
not to maintain the upward slope with a lengthy motor; and - for
airplanes with low rates of retraction of flaps, to reduce the
power/pushes to an intermediate setting.
- Of 1000 ft to 3000 ft, to continue the ascent to not more of
VZF + 10 KT.
- To 3000 ft, to accelerate smoothly until the speed of ascent
in route, or until which it corresponds to the permission of transit
or according to the air space in which one flies.
12,4 Procedures for the approach and the landing. -
As far as possible, the approaches and landings will be realised
using tracks and trajectories that do not affect populated areas
or sensible areas to the noise.
Within the parameters established in the manual of operation of
the airship, and when the authorized leave of transit for allow
it to the approach, this one will take place obtaining an uninterrupted
descending regime with reduced power and drag, delaying the unfolding
of the flaps and the undercarriage until the final stage of the
If the conditions allow to conduct a safe operation, the reversores
of push will not be used during the landing.
Note. - The tending preceding procedures to secure the attenuation
of the noise produced by the airships, have been elaborated in
agreement with the recommended ones in Document 8168, PANS-OPS,
Volume I - Procedures of Flight, of the Organization of Civil
Aviation the International.